Croton Plant

Croton grows in warm temperatures ranging between 15°C (60°F) and 21°C (70°F). It is a striking tropical plant which can grow indoors as well the outdoors.

Types

Crotons come in different colors and shapes of the leaves. However, they need adequate care and specific growth conditions.

TYPE CHARACTERISTICS
Andrew Croton Plant Creamy white, narrow & long foliage
Banana Croton Plant Green and Lance-shaped foliage with banana yellow spots
Bush Fire Croton Plant Orange/red/gold/purple and long foliage
Eleanor Roosevelt Croton Plant Compact and dense foliage
Florida Select Croton Green and Medium-sized foliage with red, orange and yellow veins
Gold Dust Croton Plant Medium spotted/variegated and yellow/green foliage
Gold Star Croton plant Bright gold spots on the green foliage
Iceton Yellow Croton Plant Lush yellow & mid-green foliage
Lauren’s Rainbow Croton plant Narrow and longleaf
Magnificent Plant Green and Mottled yellow foliage
Mammy Plant Foliage like Corkscrew
Mother and Daughter Croton Plant Purplish dark green foliage with yellow and red spots
Mrs. Iceton Croton Plant  Shade of red, yellow & orange on the Medium-green foliage
Oakleaf Croton Plant Dark green and Lobed foliage with yellow, orange, red veins
Petra Plant Bright & large foliage
Red Iceton Croton Plant Yellow foliage with shades of red & pink
Sunny Star Croton Plant Light green foliage with gold dots
Superstar Croton Plant Bright green foliage with splashes of yellow
Victoria Gold Bell Plant Grassy foliage variegated with yellow, purple, & orange
Zanzibar Plant Multicolored and narrow foliage

Planting A New Croton

Select a large drainage pot to allow aeration of the soil when growing the plant in a pot. You may also use an instant draining potting soil or make extra holes to allow better drainage. Water and keep it as required once filling it with the ground.

Add some finished compost to enhance the soil quality and use organic fertilizer or coco coir/peat moss to replace the potted plants. To grow it into the garden, check the quality of the soil and fertility for retaining the moisture with proper drainage.

Reasons For Losing The Leaves After Planting

Loss of the leaves naturally may be due to the location change and several other factors of the environment. however, they can quickly grow new leaves within four weeks or three months

Care

Follow a Proper Schedule of fertilizing

The Granular fertilizer containing high levels of potassium and nitrogen content is vital to give once in May, twice in spring and once in late February or early March. Young plants require the usage around July.

Watering Daily

Watering is necessary to promote growth and keep the soil moist. If the layer on the top of the ground gets dry, you can apply enough water for the proper drainage through the container’s bottom. It will make sure that the water has received the moisture.

Outdoor plants require watering at frequent intervals if there is insufficient rain. However, in case of less than an inch of rainfall in 7 days when they grow, spray 1 inch of water so that the soil remains damp deep 6 inches.

Note: Overwatering may also result in falling of the leaves.

Sufficient Sunlight

The exposure to the sun is vital for the leaf coloration. Indoor crotons need maximum exposure to the sun. Take the help of artificial lights if there is improper sunlight. The outdoor plants, on the other hand, require a garden with proper sun exposure but also providing enough shade during the afternoons.

Leaves Pruning & Branches

Wilted or yellow leaves needs trimming with a pruning shear which is clean and cuts close to the plant’s base.  Cut off the overgrown and 1/3rd of the long branches in the bottom. Again cut 1/3rd of the extended branches when the new leaf growth crosses an inch in length.

Re-Potting

Transfer croton to 1-3 inches large pot if it has outgrown the container. Take it out carefully from the old tank while separating the roots using a potting knife.

See if there is an adequate amount of potting soil under the new container so that croton seeps an inch deep below it. Use some more land to fill the sides and thoroughly water until it overflows from the bottom. However, it will help it to settle well and moisten in the new tank.

Corton does not prefer to change the place, but it’s advisable to use a larger pot so that it stays and grows longer.

Croton Growth Problems & Prevention

Croton may develop few diseases and pests. Beware of some issues like:

Growth Problems

Too much exposure to the sunlight will fade the colors. See if the croton receives an adequate amount of the sunlight which can avoid such issues. Over-fertilization may result in curled leaves, therefore, maintaining a regular fertilizing schedule is a best option to prevent any extra feedings.

Pests

Spider mites often undetectable due to the natural splashy markings are the indoor plant’s pests which develop yellow spots on the leaves. Therefore, It’s recommendable to maintain high levels of humidity indoors to prevent it. One can remove them by rubbing a wet paper tower to the leaves which also avoids any further outbreak. Rubbing the leaves with a damp paper towel removes the spider mites as well as prevents a new infestation.

The leaves may also develop mealy bugs which can damage the croton. Dib some leaves with Isopropyl alcohol-dipped cotton ball to Kill the bugs. Also, use a neem oil/insecticidal soap mixed with water to get rid of the affected area.

Croton caterpillars are a massive problem for the leaves. Apply Bacillus Thuringiensis (Bt) which is an insecticide which kills the caterpillars harming the leaves during the spring season.

Note: Use an insecticide oil and organic neem regularly to eliminate and prevent any pest attack.

Diseases

One of the common diseases is Edema which occurs when the roots absorb excess water which may result in blistering of the leaves. Make sure to water after the reduction in the blistering to avoid the condition.

Another fatal condition is Crown Gall which is a result of the bacteria showing the growth of the swollen stems and the veins. Cut off any uneven extensions through pruning equipment. However, it can reoccur after the bacteria while extracting from the soil. Re-potting is the practical solution in such situations.

Crown Gall Disease

Damp leaves develop from the Powdery Mildew which is the white sandy deposits and selects the wet leaves that look alike all over the layers. Rub a little quantity of neem oil on the sheets daily and watering the croton’s base will avoid this problem.

Is Croton Harmful?

Crotons aren’t poisonous or harmful until the skin is in long-time contact with its sap which can develop irritation. However, if it enters the mouth, can develop nausea, vomiting and an upset stomach. Hence, wear the gloves while touching croton and keep it away from the children.

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