Kalanchoe Plant Care & Maintenance

Kalanchoes blooms well during spring to winters. They are among the favorite succulents that can sustain both indoors and outdoors requiring minimum care.

Types

Type Characteristics
Blossfedldiana Lay Bright and orange flowers with dark-green leaves
Calandiva Kerinci Groups of vibrant pink flowers
Daigremontiana Pink flowers with Fleshy lance-shaped leaves
Hildebrandt White flowers with Smooth silver-grey leaves
Orgyalis Bright yellow flowers with Broad oval leaves
Tubiflora Red/orange flowers with Tube-shaped grey-green leaves
Pumila Long-pink violet flowers with Long rounded leaves
Thyrsiflora (flapjack/red lips) White flowers with Wedge-shaped leaves
Lentivirus Pinkish flowers with Broad bluish-green leaves
Pinnata Reddish-purple flowers with Scalloped leaves
Chocolate Soldier Bell-shaped golden ginger flowers with Thin and long leaves
Beharensis Small, greenish yellow flowers with Slightly-triangular leaves
Millotii Greenish-yellow flowers with Hazy green scalloped leaves
Tetraphylla Greenish waxy flowers with Large round stalk-free leaves with
Laxiflora Bell-shaped orange flowers with Elliptically-shaped leaves
Eriophylla Pink & pale flowers with Deep crimson
Marnieriana Red, rose-pink flowers with Flat, blue-green rounded leaves
Synsepala Reddish – pale pink flowers with fleshy leaves
Bracteata Small white flowers with ovate leaves

Planting the New Kalanchoe

  • Use approximately 6 inches deep and 4-8 inches wide pot which has an adequate amount of drainage holes
  • Fill it with 40% of the perlite and 60% peat moss
  • Once it is ready to water and places it safely

Note: Make sure you provide adequate moisture to the plant if one plans to grow it outdoors.

Caring

  • Sunlight: At least 8-12 hours of sun-exposure daily is ideal for kalanchoe bloom. In winters, a window which faces the south direction is preferable. In summers an east facing would prevent damaging of the leaves while maintaining the growth. Outdoor plants require shading and enough shelter from the rain.
  • The Right Temperature: Indoor plants need at least 65°F-85 °F which is the optimum temperature range for the indoors. On the other hand, outdoor growing requires a temperature lower than 4°C (40°F)-7°C (45°F) because it may die due to shallow temperatures in winters.

Note: Whether indoor or outdoors the levels of humidity need minimization to prevent any dark conditions.

  • Watering: Too much watering may damage the leaves as it can store large amounts of water in its leavesAlso, avoid wetting the leaves for preventing certain diseases like leaf spots and powdery mildew.

Watering Kalanchoe

Houseplants require water after they dry up to 50%. Fill the water in adequate amounts near the base so that they gain the moisture content abruptly. To enable the drainage for longer durations, don’t forget to empty it every time after watering.

If the soil remains dry, try a saucer which is thick enough to allow the moisture for 10 minutes without making the leaves wet.

What is the correct Schedule for fertilizing?

20-8-20 fertilizer containing high levels of nitrate should be given for 2 weeks when they are in full bloom. However, watering with a good fertilizer helps in preventing the damage.

Cleaning & Pruning Regularly

Try to cut the stems containing dead leaves and flowers for perfect blooming. It helps in the growth of the flowers in 2-3 weeks. Trim the large branches to prevent abnormal growth. Stems or Wayward branches need to be set adequately to maintain a proper shape. Clean the dust on the flowers and leaves by gently spraying or a cloth-wipe.

Re-potting

The time to Re-pot

Remember to use a new pot every 12-24 months during the spring season. The roots will try to come out of the holes made for drainage, or the stems might die indicating that it requires re-potting soon.

Tips to Re-pot

The dead stems need proper trimming near the base of the stem. Also, remove all the dry, compressed or infected roots while clearing it all the soil from it.

Transfer it to a large pot usually 2 inches deep having a proper system for the water to drain quickly and a good mixture of the potting essentials. Handle the leaves thoroughly while placing it at the center. Water it to provide moisture while allowing healthy growth and blooming.

Getting it Bloom the Second Time After Winter

During winters the plant can sustain temperatures between 4 degrees C (40 degrees F)-7 degrees C (45 degrees F) in the daytime.

Place it in the dark-colored room for 12-14 hours for six weeks under the optimum amount of the sun-exposure while offering little amounts of fertilizing. On the growth of the buds, shifting the plant under a minimal sun-exposure is thought beneficial.

Problems Relating Growth and Prevention

The Kalanchoe houseplant needs proper care otherwise will fall victim to pests and other diseases. Some common issues include:

Pests

Little red spider mites, Aphids, nematodes, mealybugs, and scale insects cause secretions of the honeydew on the leaves, developing faded and torn sheets. Apply Neem oil and clean with an alcohol-dipped swab of cotton to avoid such conditions. However, if you notice some damage, opt for some eco-friendly pesticides to prevent any further damage.

Rot

Over-watering could rot the stem’s base and damage the roots. It may also get affected by Phytophthora and phylum which are a type of fungi causing wilted and yellow leaves if kept in the same position for longer durations. Re-pot the plant before rotting and trim all the damaged roots.

To get rid of the problem, you need to follow a proper fertilizing and watering schedule while using a well-drained soil.

Fungi-Related Problems

Excess humidity and improper watering may cause leaf spot or powdery mildew which can be controlled by keeping the plant under-ventilation and leaving the leaves dry. Spray two tablespoons of the 85% mixture of water and potassium bicarbonate every 1-2 weeks in cases of mildew.

Is Kalanchoe Poisonous?

They are poisonous as they contain some harmful toxins affecting the heart which may cause several complications in animals. The pot contains water which is also toxic therefore children need to stay away from it.

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