Kalanchoes blooms well during spring to winters. They are among the favorite succulents that can sustain both indoors and outdoors requiring minimum care.
|Blossfedldiana Lay||Bright and orange flowers with dark-green leaves|
|Calandiva Kerinci||Groups of vibrant pink flowers|
|Daigremontiana||Pink flowers with Fleshy lance-shaped leaves|
|Hildebrandt||White flowers with Smooth silver-grey leaves|
|Orgyalis||Bright yellow flowers with Broad oval leaves|
|Tubiflora||Red/orange flowers with Tube-shaped grey-green leaves|
|Pumila||Long-pink violet flowers with Long rounded leaves|
|Thyrsiflora (flapjack/red lips)||White flowers with Wedge-shaped leaves|
|Lentivirus||Pinkish flowers with Broad bluish-green leaves|
|Pinnata||Reddish-purple flowers with Scalloped leaves|
|Chocolate Soldier||Bell-shaped golden ginger flowers with Thin and long leaves|
|Beharensis||Small, greenish yellow flowers with Slightly-triangular leaves|
|Millotii||Greenish-yellow flowers with Hazy green scalloped leaves|
|Tetraphylla||Greenish waxy flowers with Large round stalk-free leaves with|
|Laxiflora||Bell-shaped orange flowers with Elliptically-shaped leaves|
|Eriophylla||Pink & pale flowers with Deep crimson|
|Marnieriana||Red, rose-pink flowers with Flat, blue-green rounded leaves|
|Synsepala||Reddish – pale pink flowers with fleshy leaves|
|Bracteata||Small white flowers with ovate leaves|
Planting the New Kalanchoe
- Use approximately 6 inches deep and 4-8 inches wide pot which has an adequate amount of drainage holes
- Fill it with 40% of the perlite and 60% peat moss
- Once it is ready to water and places it safely
Note: Make sure you provide adequate moisture to the plant if one plans to grow it outdoors.
- Sunlight: At least 8-12 hours of sun-exposure daily is ideal for kalanchoe bloom. In winters, a window which faces the south direction is preferable. In summers an east facing would prevent damaging of the leaves while maintaining the growth. Outdoor plants require shading and enough shelter from the rain.
- The Right Temperature: Indoor plants need at least 65°F-85 °F which is the optimum temperature range for the indoors. On the other hand, outdoor growing requires a temperature lower than 4°C (40°F)-7°C (45°F) because it may die due to shallow temperatures in winters.
Note: Whether indoor or outdoors the levels of humidity need minimization to prevent any dark conditions.
- Watering: Too much watering may damage the leaves as it can store large amounts of water in its leaves. Also, avoid wetting the leaves for preventing certain diseases like leaf spots and powdery mildew.
Houseplants require water after they dry up to 50%. Fill the water in adequate amounts near the base so that they gain the moisture content abruptly. To enable the drainage for longer durations, don’t forget to empty it every time after watering.
If the soil remains dry, try a saucer which is thick enough to allow the moisture for 10 minutes without making the leaves wet.
What is the correct Schedule for fertilizing?
20-8-20 fertilizer containing high levels of nitrate should be given for 2 weeks when they are in full bloom. However, watering with a good fertilizer helps in preventing the damage.
Cleaning & Pruning Regularly
Try to cut the stems containing dead leaves and flowers for perfect blooming. It helps in the growth of the flowers in 2-3 weeks. Trim the large branches to prevent abnormal growth. Stems or Wayward branches need to be set adequately to maintain a proper shape. Clean the dust on the flowers and leaves by gently spraying or a cloth-wipe.
The time to Re-pot
Remember to use a new pot every 12-24 months during the spring season. The roots will try to come out of the holes made for drainage, or the stems might die indicating that it requires re-potting soon.
Tips to Re-pot
The dead stems need proper trimming near the base of the stem. Also, remove all the dry, compressed or infected roots while clearing it all the soil from it.
Transfer it to a large pot usually 2 inches deep having a proper system for the water to drain quickly and a good mixture of the potting essentials. Handle the leaves thoroughly while placing it at the center. Water it to provide moisture while allowing healthy growth and blooming.
Getting it Bloom the Second Time After Winter
During winters the plant can sustain temperatures between 4 degrees C (40 degrees F)-7 degrees C (45 degrees F) in the daytime.
Place it in the dark-colored room for 12-14 hours for six weeks under the optimum amount of the sun-exposure while offering little amounts of fertilizing. On the growth of the buds, shifting the plant under a minimal sun-exposure is thought beneficial.
Problems Relating Growth and Prevention
The Kalanchoe houseplant needs proper care otherwise will fall victim to pests and other diseases. Some common issues include:
Little red spider mites, Aphids, nematodes, mealybugs, and scale insects cause secretions of the honeydew on the leaves, developing faded and torn sheets. Apply Neem oil and clean with an alcohol-dipped swab of cotton to avoid such conditions. However, if you notice some damage, opt for some eco-friendly pesticides to prevent any further damage.
Over-watering could rot the stem’s base and damage the roots. It may also get affected by Phytophthora and phylum which are a type of fungi causing wilted and yellow leaves if kept in the same position for longer durations. Re-pot the plant before rotting and trim all the damaged roots.
To get rid of the problem, you need to follow a proper fertilizing and watering schedule while using a well-drained soil.
Excess humidity and improper watering may cause leaf spot or powdery mildew which can be controlled by keeping the plant under-ventilation and leaving the leaves dry. Spray two tablespoons of the 85% mixture of water and potassium bicarbonate every 1-2 weeks in cases of mildew.
Is Kalanchoe Poisonous?
They are poisonous as they contain some harmful toxins affecting the heart which may cause several complications in animals. The pot contains water which is also toxic therefore children need to stay away from it.