Zoysia Grass

Zoysia is dark green lawn turf grass which is very fine in texture and is grows especially during the warm seasons. However, the rate of growth is slow but takes the shape of a thick cover over the lawn under suiting conditions. It is appropriate only for the areas having warm temperatures in every year as it turns dormant and becomes brown if kept in cold weathers.

Characteristics

 Texture Medium
Color of the grass Dark-green
Required Water Retention Low
Tolerance
 Wear Exceptional
Shade Growth rate is poor when grown 50% under the shade
Sun Excellent
Drought Good
Germination 14-21 days
Traffic Good
Weed Excellent
Disease Good

Types

Type Characteristics
Compadre Zoysia Grass Medium to medium beautiful textured foliage
El Toro Zoysia Grass Medium-bladed leaf texture
Emerald Zoysia Grass Soft-textured thin-bladed leaf
Empire Zoysia Grass a leaf blade with a medium-width
Japonica Zoysia Grass A coarse fabric with a vertical leaf blade
 Meyer Zoysia Grass A beautiful leaf texture with dark-green color
Matrella Zoysia Grass Beautiful leaf bladed structure
Palisades Zoysia Grass A medium-coarse texture with a dark green leaf
Tenuifolia Zoysia Grass Fine-leaf texture
Zenith Zoysia Grass Dark green blade with medium texture
Zorro Zoysia Grass Soft and beautiful bladed leaf structure

How To Grow The Zoysia Grass?

setting the Soil Bed

allow the soil to seep 6-8 inches below and remove the  rocks, sticks or any stone to level the lawn area. Push the dirt lower to allow the drainage with watering the nearby areas to provide moisture.

The treatment from the fertilizer adjusts the pH level of the soil. Ideally, 15 pounds of any 10-10-10 or 8-8-8 fertilizer per 10,000 square feet show useful results.

Planting Zoysia Grass

There are three ways to grow the zoysia grass growth by sod, seed, or plug which depends on the structure and size of the yard.

When to Plant?

The period for planting is mid to late spring when the temperature reaches between 60° F-70° F.

Growing from Seed

Seed the new bed uniformly with a spreader to see if they are pressed tightly into the soil leaving no air pockets.

Growing from Plug

Dig large holes, more significant than the grass plugs so that the gap of at least 12 inches remains between them. Make sure to draw them in a checkboard pattern to cover the entire yard. Put the plugs inside and fill the edges of the holes with soil.

Growing from Sod

Place the pieces of the sod tightly along the selected lawn area avoiding gaps and overlaps. Break the pieces in the rows to prevent any lining up of seams. Use a sharp knife to trim the corners of the sods for a fit. Roll the area to let them seep into the soil without any air gaps.

Late spring to early summer is the best time to transplant zoysia plugs and sods. Use a plunger to remove a piece of them from a healthy lawn area and then lay it over the ground.

Care & Maintenance

Watering

Water the area daily at least 2-3 times a day to keep the top 2 inches of the soil under dab for 10-12 days after the planting. Once it starts growing, reduce watering to keep the top one inch of the soil moist.

Based on the amount of the rainfall, you can adjust watering to ½ inch of rain per week and an additional ½ inch of water daily.

How Does it Look?

Mowing

Trim the zoysia grass once it grows about 2-4 inches tall. However, the minimum height required after the first year of planting is 3 inches. Ideally, a single mowing is capable of reducing the height by 1/3rd of its standard height.

Fertilizing

½ -1 pound of nitrogen-based fertilizer like Scott’s turf builder okay to use for either four times or once in every six weeks from late spring.

Zoysia Grass Growth Problems & Prevention

Zoysia grass is surrounded by some of the risks including the brown spots, rust, early browning and crown spots that affect its growth. However, the fertilizing sessions, regular watering, and mowing can prevent them. Some other issues include:

Uncontrolled Growth

Zoysia may cover other nearby plants and flower bed areas under the favorable growth conditions. Install plastic barriers which are 6 inches deep and 2-3 inches above the ground around the turf to restrict it within the boundaries.

The Growth of Thatch

The dead leaves and the roots at the base of the grass are roofs which prevent the supply of oxygen, water, and fertilizer to the turf while affecting its growth. Burning this layer with the herb helps to get rid of it. Zoysia grows again when the conditions become favorable.

Weed Growth

Apply the pre-emergent herbicides to prevent the growth of weeds like crabgrass, Clover and Bermuda grass.

Worms

Nematodes infect the grass which changes the color to yellow and restricts the growth therein. Clean the lawn equipment before using and also water the grass regularly to save it from the worm-attack.

Pet Damage

Be careful while letting the pets out in the garden or the backyard as any movement across the lawn may damage the grass due to high traffic, digging holes and urine discharge. However, these risks reduce significantly after the grass grows.

Cost

The cost of the grass sod is between $0.45-$0.50, while the seeds cost around $45 per pound.

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